Corporate Records, Archives was established in 1981 April with a limited mandate. It was a part of the Archives and Records Division of the City Clerk's Department, which was under the direction of The City's first Archivist. The Glenbow Institute served as the repository for The City's historical records from 1973 until the establishment of the Archives. The majority of records were repatriated to The City of Calgary in 1987. Further City of Calgary records have been repatriated in subsequent years.
In 1990, the Archives established its own state-of-the-art, environmentally controlled storage facility, as well as a reading room.
Since its inception the Archives has been under the jurisdiction of City Clerk's. The mandate has been continually expanded to include the acquisition of private records as well as civic government records and the development of formal archival policies and procedures.