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YardSmart - Gardening and landscaping

Less watering, less weeding and less fertilizing means you could have more time to enjoy your yard - and enjoy the savings on your water bill.

Planning your YardSmart yard

  1. Draw a diagram of your yard and map out areas of sun, shade, dry and wet.
  2. Plot specific places for things like play areas, dining and entertainment, composting, gardening and rain barrels.
  3. Make a note of where water runs or pools; additionally, group plants with similar water needs together.
  4. Slope your flowerbeds and place plants that need the most water at the lowest part.
  5. Shape your beds so sprinklers and soaker hoses can easily accommodate them.

Learn more by watching our YardSmart transformation videos

Find other YardSmart resources below:

Plan Your YardSmart Yard 

More tips for building a YardSmart yard

Design for water conservation
Group plants with the same water needs together in areas of the garden that suit their needs. Grading the garden will direct water to the plants with the highest needs. Get more tips in our planning a YardSmart yard video or our YardSmart Planning and Design brochure.

Reduce your lawn
Wherever possible, replace portions of your lawn with tiered gardens, rock gardens, low water-use shrubs or flowering trees and groundcover. These garden features use less water and act as wonderful filters and sponges to help absorb rainwater. Find more information on how to save water while taking care of your lawn.

Select native or well adapted vegetation
Opt for either native plants or plants that have proven the test of time to be low water-users that thrive in Calgary's climate. See our list of recommended hardy, water-friendly trees and shrubs, and annuals and perennials.

Mulch
Barks, wood chips, or stones will reduce the evaporation from the soil, inhibit weed growth, and minimize soil erosion. Learn more about mulching.

Improve your soil
A base of at least eight inches of good-quality soil is recommended for a healthy garden or lawn. Visit Top Soil Calculator to determine how much soil you need for a project. Heavy-clay soils drain slowly while sandy or stony soils drain too quickly. Add compost to improve the absorption and water-holding capacity or the drainage of your soil. Learn more about how to begin composting.

Know your pests
Everything that creeps, crawls, wriggles and squirms isn't neccessarily nasty. In fact, many of the creatures in the gardens of Calgary are harmless and even useful. They work hard to prevent pests and diseases from getting out of hand. Learn which insects are beneficial and which can cause harm.